We at Ocean Planet pride ourselves on keeping up to date with the most current information on all things marine-related. Campaign coordination Rebecca Hubbard has compiled detailed reports on four major issues regarding marine health and the best way forward for ocean conservation and sustainbility. There can be downloaded as PDF documents. Our short briefing documents can also be downloaded and the sources used to inform these are lister below.

Web Sources

The list below includes some of the sources used informing the Ocean Planet site.

Tasmanian Marine Protected Areas Strategy (Tasmanian Government)

National Representative System of Marine Protected Areas (Australian Government)

Towards Networks of Marine Protected Areas – The MPA Plan of Action for IUCN’s World Commission on Protected Areas (IUCN)
Ningaloo Marine Park (Commonwealth Waters): Information for Visitors
Australian Government Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts 2009

Phoenix Islands Protected Area

Mariana Trench

New Zealand:

United States

Australian Government,, National Representative System of Marine Protected Areas, Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, viewed 30 April 2009, GPO Box 787 Canberra ACT 2601 Australia.

ABC, 23.4.2009,, ‘Lucky escape for Barrier Reef coral’, viewed 29 April 2009, Nicole Butler for AM program Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

Babcock RC, Kelly S, Shears NT, Walker JW, Willis TJ, 1999, ‘Changes in community structure in temperate marine reserves’, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 189: 125-134.

Barrett NS, Edgar GJ, Buxton CD, Haddon M, 2007, ‘Changes in fish assemblages following 10 years of protection in Tasmanian marine protected areas’, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and EcologyVolume 345, Issue 2:141-157.

Barrett NS, Edgar G, Morton A, 2002, Monitoring of Tasmanian inshore reef ecosystems – An assessment of the potential for volunteer monitoring programs and a summary of changes within the Maria Island Marine Reserve from 1992-2001, Tasmanian Aquaculture & Fisheries Institute and University of Tasmania.

Caldeira K, Wickett ME, 2003, ‘Anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH’, Nature, 425: 365.

CBD,, Convention on Biological Diversity, United Nations Environment Program, viewed 30 April 2009.

Edgar, G.J., Russ, G.R., Babcock, R.C., 2007. Marine protected areas. In: Connell, S., Gillanders, B.M. (Eds.), Marine Ecology. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 533-555.

Harvard Medical School 2009,, viewed 28 February 2009, Center for Health and the Environment at Harvard Medical School, Harvard Medical School
401 Park Drive, 2nd Floor East
Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Mitchell A, 2008, Seasick: the hidden ecological collapse of the global ocean, Murdoch Books Australia.

Nemeth RS, 2005, ‘Population characteristics of a recovering US Virgin Islands red hind spawning aggregation following protection’, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 286: 81–97.

(PISCO) Partnership for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans, 2007, The Science of Marine Reserves (2nd Edition, International Version),

Roberts C & Hawkins J, 2000, Fully protected marine reserves: A guide, WWF Endangered Seas Campaign, 1250 24th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA and Environment Department, University of York, YO105DD, UK.

Smyth C, Prideaux M, Davey K, Grady M, 2003, Oceans Eleven, The implementation of Australia’s oceans policy and ecosystem based regional marine planning, Australian Conservation Foundation, Level 1, 60 Leicester St, Carlton Vic 3052.

Willis TJ, Millar RB, Babcock RC, 2003, ‘Protection of Exploited Fish in Temperate Regions: High Density and Biomass of Snapper Pagrus auratus (Sparidae) in Northern New Zealand Marine Reserves’, Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 40, No. 2: pp. 214-227.

Williamson DH, Russ GR, Ayling AM, 2004, ‘No-take marine reserves increase abundance and biomass of reef fish on inshore fringing reefs of the Great Barrier Reef’, Environmental Conservation, 31: 149-159.

Andrew (ed), 1999, Under Southern Seas: The Ecology of Australia’s Rocky Reefs, 30-39, UNSW Press.

Crawford C.M, Edgar G.J, Cresswell G, 2000, ‘The Tasmanian Region’ in, Seas in the Millennium, edited by C Elsevier.

CSIRO, 2009a,, viewed 28/5/2009.

CSIRO, 2009b, ‘Climate change effects on marine ecosystems report’ fact sheet, viewed 28/5/2009.

CSIRO, 2009c, ‘Fisheries in a future ocean: impacts of climate change’ fact sheet, viewed 28/5/2009.

Edgar G.J, Samson C.R, Barrett N.S, 2005, ‘Species extinction in the marine environment: Tasmania as a region of overlooked losses in biodiversity’, Conservation Biology, Vol 19 Issue 4: 1294-1300.

Fabry V.J, Seibel B.A, Feely R.A, Orr J.C, 2008, ‘Impacts of ocean acidification on marine fauna and ecosystem processes’, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65: 414-432.

Harley C.D.G, Hughes R.A, Hultgren K.M, Miner B.G, Sorte C.J.B, Thornber C.S, Rodriguez L.F, Tomanek L, Williams S.L, 2005, ‘The impacts of climate change in coastal marine ecosystems’, Ecology Letters, 9:228-241.

IPCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007, Synthesis Report, Fourth Assessment Report adopted at IPCC Plenary XXVII (Valencia, Spain, 12-17 November 2007).

McNeil B.I, Matear R.J., 2008, ‘Southern Ocean acidification: A tipping point at 450-ppm atmospheric CO2’, PNAS – Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 105 no. 48 18860-18864.

Mitchell A, 2008, Seasick: The hidden ecological collapse of the global ocean, Murdoch Books Australia.

Myers R.A, Worm B, 2003, ‘Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities’,Nature, May 2003, 15;423:280-3.

Palumbi S.R, Sala E, Selkoe K.A, Stachowicz J.J, Watson R, 2006, ‘Impacts of biodiversity loss on ecosystem services’, Science, v13; 787-790.

Wilkinson C (ed), 2004, Status of coral reefs of the world: volume 1, Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network.

Worm B, Barbier E.B, Beaumont N, Duffy E.J, Folke C, Halpern B.S, Jackson J,B.C, Lotze H.K, Micheli F,

Australian Government, 2009, The National system for the prevention and management of marine pest incursions, viewed 3/06/2009.

Bax N, Williamson A, Aguero M, Gonzalez E, Geeves W, 2003, ‘Marine invasive alien species: a threat to global biodiversity’, Marine Policy, 27: 313–323.

Bax N, Hayes K, Marshall A, Parry D, Thresher R, 2002, ‘Man-made marinas as sheltered islands for alien marine organisms: establishment and eradication of an alien invasive marine species’, in Turning the Tide: the eradication of invasive species: 26-39.

Edgar G.J, Samson C.R, Barrett N.S, 2005, ‘Species Extinction in the Marine Environment: Tasmania as a Regional Example of Overlooked Losses in Biodiversity’,Conservation Biology: 1294–1300.

ABARE, 2007, by Newton P, Wood R, Galeano D, Vieira S, Perry R, Fishery Economic Status Report, ABARE Report 07.20, Prepared for the Fisheries Resources Research Fund, Canberra, October.

Bianchi G, Gislason H, Graham K, Hill L, Jin X, Koranteng K, Manickchand-Heileman S, Paya´ I, Sainsbury K, Sanchez F, and Zwanenburg K, 2000, ‘Impact of fishing on size composition and diversity of demersal fish communities’, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57: 558–571.

Butler AJ, Rees T, Beesley P, Bax NJ, submitted, Marine Biodiversity and Biogeography – regional comparisons of global issues. Australian Chapter. For PLoS.

Cook R, 2002, The magnitude and impact of by-catch mortality by fishing gear, FAO Fisheries Report, FRS Marine Laboratory, PO Box 101, Victoria Rd, Aberdeen AB11 9DB, UK.

DAFF 2007a, Commonwealth Fisheries Harvest Strategy Policy and Guidelines, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry, Commonwealth of Australia.

DAFF 2007b, Fishery Status Reports 2007 – Status of fish stocks managed by the Australian Government, Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Edited by James Larcombe and Gavin Begg, Commonwealth of Australia.

DPIW, 2007, Shellfish fishery policy document – Information supporting the shellfish management plan for the fisheries (shellfish) rues 2007, Wild Fisheries Management Branch, Department of Primary Industries and Water, Tasmania.

FAO (Food & Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations), 2009, The state of world fisheries and agriculture 2008, Rome.

FRDC (Fisheries Research Development Corporation), 2003, Modelling Australia’s fisheries to 2050: policy and management implications, by Kearney B, Foran B, Poldy F, Lowe D.

Hall-Spencer J, White N, Gillespie E, Gillham K, Foggo A, 2006, ‘Impact of fish farms on maerl beds in strongly tidal areas’, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol 326: 1-9. viewed 1/07/09.

Koslow J.A, Gowlett-Holmes K, Lowry JK, O’Hara T, Poore G.C.B, Williams A, 2001, ‘Seamount benthic macrofauna off southern Tasmania: community structure and impacts of trawling’, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 213: 111–125.

Myers R.A, Worm B, 2005, ‘Extinction, survival or recovery of large predatory fishes’,Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 360: 13–20.

Oceana, 2009, Hungry Oceans: What happens when the prey is gone?

Pergent-Martini C, Boudouresque C.F, Pasqualini V, Pergent G, 2006, ‘Impact of fish farming facilities on Posidonia oceanica meadows: a review’, Marine Ecology, Vol 27, Issue 4: 310-319.

SeaWeb 2008, Fishing down the food web briefing, viewed 1/07/09.

SeaWeb, 2001, Salmon farming briefing,

SeaWeb, 2006, Loss of Marine Biodiversity briefing, viewed 1/07/2009.

Tarbath D, Mundy C, Haddon M, 2008, Fishery assessment report: Tasmanian abalone fishery, Tasmanian Aquaculture and Fisheries Institute, University of Tasmania.

Tracey S, Lyle J, 2008, Internal report: Tasmanian recreational scallop fishery: 2005-2008, Tasmanian Aquaculture and Fisheries Institute, University of Tasmania.

UNEP, 2008, Vital Water Graphics – An Overview of the State of the World’s Fresh and Marine Waters. 2nd Edition. UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya.

Weber M.L, 2003, What price farmed fish: A review of the environmental and social costs of farming carnivorous fish, for the SeaWeb Aquaculture Clearinghouse.

Weber P, 1994, Worldwatch Paper 120: Net Loss: Fish, Jobs & the Marine Environment, Worldwatch Institute.

Wood pers comm., 2009, telephone conversation 18/06/2009, Graham Woods, Marine Farming Branch, Department of Primary Industries and Water, Tasmania.

World Bank, Food and Agricultural Organisation, 2009, Sunken Billions: the economic justification for fisheries reform, The World Bank Washington DC.

Zeigler PE, Haddon M, Gardner C, 2009a, Fishery assessment report: Tasmanian giant crab fishery- 2007/08, Tasmanian Aquaculture and Fisheries Institute, University of Tasmania.

Ziegler PE, Lyle JE, 2009b, Fishery assessment report: Tasmanian scalefish fishery 2008, Tasmanian Aquaculture and Fisheries Institute, University of Tasmania.

Barrett NS, Edgar G, Morton A, 2002, Monitoring of Tasmanian inshore reef ecosystems – An assessment of the potential for volunteer monitoring programs and a summary of changes within the Maria Island Marine Reserve from 1992-2001, Tasmanian Aquaculture & Fisheries Institute and University of Tasmania.

DPIWE, 2004, Scalefish Fishery Management Plan Review Information Paper, Department of Primary Industries, Water and the Environment, Tasmanian Government.

Henry GW, Lyle JM, 2003, The national recreational and indigenous fishing survey, Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Commonwealth of Australia.

McPhee DP, Leadbitter D, Skilleter GA, 2002, ‘Swallowing the bait: is recreational fishing in Australia ecologically sustainable?’, Pacific Conservation Biology, vol 8, no 1:40-51.

WA Government, 2008, Media Release: Minister releases proposed changes to recreational fishing to help save vulnerable fish, 28/03/2008, viewed on 7/07/09.

Algalita, 2009, Algalita Marine Research Foundation, 9/06/09.

Australian Government 2001, ‘Impact from the ocean/land interface’, South-east Regional Marine Plan, National Oceans Office, downloaded from

Diaz R.J, Rosenberg R, 2008, ‘Spreading dead zones and consequence for marine ecosystems’, Science, Vol 321, No 5891: 926-929

Edgar 2005 as referenced above

Green G, Coughanowr C, 2003, State of the Derwent Estuary 2003: a review of pollution sources, loads and environmental quality data from 1997 – 2003. Derwent Estuary Program, DPIWE, Tasmania.

SeaWeb, 2000, ‘Nonpoint Source Pollution and Coastal Environments’ briefing paper,, viewed 3/06/09.

SeaWeb, 2008, ‘The Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone’ briefing paper, viewed 9/06/09.

Shaffer G, Olsen S.M, Pederson J.O.P, 2009, ‘Long-term ocean oxygen depletion in response to carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels’, Nature Geoscience, 2: 105–109.

Surfrider Foundation, 2009, at 5/06/09.

Alaska Marine Conservation Council, 2009, ‘Risks of oil and gas drilling’ and briefings linked here, viewed 10/6/09.

Montagna P, 2009, ‘GOOMEX: Experimental Design and What The Data Mean’, Minerals Management Service Website, viewed 10/6/09.

Moore J, 2006, ‘Long term ecological impacts of marine oil spills’, from paper presented and published at the 2006 Interspill conference, Environmental Consultant, UK Pembrokeshire.

Ocean Mammal Institute, 2005, ‘Acoustic Impacts on Marine Life’ briefing, viewed 10/6/09.

SeaWeb, 2007, ‘Devastation from oil spills reaches far beyond shores’ Ocean Voices November 2007, viewed 10/6/09.

Andrew N, 1999, Under Southern Seas: The ecology of Australia’s rocky reefs.

Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment (DPIWE), 2000, Tasmanian Marine Protected Areas Strategy: Background Report, 5th Floor, Marine Board Building, 1 Franklin Wharf, Hobart TAS 7000.

Edgar G.J, 2001, Australian Marine Habitats in Temperate Waters, New Holland Publishers Australia.

UNEP, 2008, Vital Water Graphics – An Overview of the State of the World’s Fresh and Marine Waters. 2nd Edition. UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya.

Barrett N, Edgar G, Mooney P, 1998, A preliminary investigation of the distribution, range and extent of reef habitats and communities in Port Davey, March 1998,

Barrett N, Edgar G, Lawler M, Halley V, 2007a, A quantitative video baseline survey of reef biota and survey of marine habitats within Bathurst Channel, Southwest Tasmania 2002, Tasmanian Aquaculture and Fisheries Institute.

Barrett N, Edgar G, Polacheck A, 2007b, Baseline surveys of the subtidal reef biota of the Kent Group Marine Nature Reserve, Tasmanian Aquaculture and Fisheries Institute.

Edgar G.J, Barrett N,S, Graddon D.G, 1999, A Classification of Tasmanian estuaries and assessment of their conservation significance using ecological and physical attributes, population and land use, Tasmanian Aquaculture and Fisheries Institute, University of Tasmania.

Barrett N, Wilcox S, 1999, Biological surveys of habitat mapping of proposed marine protected areas on the Tasmanian north and north-eastern coasts, Technical Report, Tasmanian Aquaculture and Fisheries Institute.